Stone Pine Bonsai Care – For bonsai, pine is especially popular, and many people consider it the most common bonsai tree. Pine is a resinous evergreen conifer with two to five bundles of needles.
Two popular semi-annual pine trees are native to Japan and grow along the coast. Storms in June often cut off the new buds and the trees then adjust to a new flush. Japanese black pine is a strong tree with two clumps of long, dark green, hard needles. Grows more or less by the coast. Japanese red pine is more slender, slender, softer and has thin pairs of needles similar to Scots pine. It grows slightly more uphill than the coast. Two downy pines: Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii) and Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora).
Stone Pine Bonsai Care
Some pine species originate from the mountains or are at least adapted to harsh conditions and short growing periods. Japanese white pine (also known as five-needle pine) is an alpine plant with five clustered soft needles. It has a more feminine design and is found in high mountain areas. It is often grafted onto the black pine root system for more stable growth. Dwarf varieties of white pine include Zuisho, Kokonoe and Myojo. Scots pine grows throughout Europe and even in Siberia. It has a thin pair of needles that can twist slightly, and the bark on the upper part of the trunk is often reddish in color. Ponderosa pine is native to western North America and the Rocky Mountains. It is a tall tree with very long needles in clusters of three. Old Ponderosa pine bark has yellow to orange or even pink plates and black cracks. Mountain pine is native to the highlands of Europe and often forms hollow bushes on the bedrock near the treeline. It has short, stout, dark green, double needles and dark brown bark. Its wood is very fibrous and resinous. Finally, Pinus aristata (Bristlecone Pine, Rocky Mountain Pine) grows mostly in Colorado and New Mexico. A red pine: Japanese white pine (Pinus parviflora), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), mountain pine (Pinus mugo or Mugo pine).
Stone Pine 4
It is important to understand where our pine species live in the wild, what their characteristics are and how to properly treat them as bonsai trees. Japanese black and red pines may lose their first growth and some of their leaves due to storms that occur in Japan in early or mid-summer. Then they can grow a second time and ripen in the fall. A bonsai artist can replicate this event by placing short needles on closer shoots to create additional branches. But the growing season must be long enough for the second time to fully develop.
Place the pine bonsai outside in the sun. This helps with the formation of first and second growth and helps to reduce the size of the needles (if the tree does not get enough sunlight, the needles grow longer). Pine trees are very hardy but still need protection when planted in containers in winter.
Bonsai pines do not like constant moisture, so be careful not to overwater them. Good drainage is required. During the second flush, protect the tree from excess rain, as too much water will cause the needles to grow longer than necessary. Continue reading about watering bonsai trees.
Fertilize weak trees throughout the year unless the temperature is too low. Fertilize healthy trees from early spring (March) to early summer until you cut the candles. Solid organic fertilizer should be applied at least 3 times at 4 week intervals before the candles are removed. Fertilization is then stopped until the growth of secondary candles hardens. Fertilize again in early to late fall.
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In early to mid-summer, remove canes from healthy trees, leaving a small 1/4″ (6 mm) stem with only a few pairs of needles. Prune the tips of dormant buds to stimulate growth. Remove excess shoots in fall growth is mature. One point to two or more, if you are growing, choose two that grow sideways and in the desired direction, V-shaped and of equal strength. Remove the others. Some parts of strong trees pull out excess old needles for to balance growth of the tree Continue reading about pruning bonsai trees.
Tie pine trees after pruning from early fall to early spring or early to mid-summer.
Planting is best done in the spring, after the buds begin to swell. Continue reading about replanting bonsai trees.
Pine can be affected by aphids, spider mites, scales or larvae. Sometimes they suffer from fungal diseases and root rot. In this case, it is necessary to use special insecticides, and since the pine dies quickly after the first symptoms of the disease, it is recommended to seek help from a specialist in this situation. But pine trees are very healthy if placed in a sunny location and cared for properly. For more information on these techniques, see our Bonsai Tree Care section.
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Unlike the pine species mentioned above, most other pine trees only grow once a year. All their waxing can be fatal and should be treated differently. This category includes white pine, Scots pine, ponderosa pine and mountain pine.
Place the pine tree outside in the sun. This promotes healthy growth and helps reduce needle size (if the tree doesn’t get enough sunlight, the needles grow longer). Pine trees are very hardy but should be protected in winter when planted in containers.
Bonsai pines do not like constant moisture, so be careful not to overwater them. Good drainage is required. Protect the tree from excess rain when the shoots are growing, as too much water will cause the needles to grow longer than necessary. Continue reading about watering bonsai trees.
Fertilize weak trees throughout the year unless temperatures drop too low. Fertilize healthy trees from early spring to late fall.
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Single-beam pine oblong candles should be of uniform length, suitable for late spring to early summer. If there are more than two candles in one spot, you can already cut all but two candles. In the autumn, you can remove excess shoots if you did not do it in the spring. If you grow more than two from a point, choose two that grow laterally and in the desired direction, V-shaped and of equal strength. Remove the others. To balance the tree’s growth, remove excess old needles from the strong parts of the tree. Continue reading about pruning bonsai trees.
Pine trees are corded from early fall to early spring, or early to mid-summer, after the canes are cut.
It is best to replant in the spring after the buds begin to move. You can transplant pine trees in late summer or early fall when temperatures are not too high, but the tree has plenty of time to re-establish its delicate roots before winter. Continue reading about replanting bonsai trees.
Pine can be propagated by seed or grafting. Some are layered from the air and some can grow from the ground (eg Zuisho White Pine).
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Pinus Bonsai can be affected by aphids, spider mites, scales or caterpillars. Sometimes they suffer from fungal diseases and root rot. In this case, it is necessary to use special pesticides, and when the first symptoms of the disease appear, the pine dies quickly, so it is recommended to seek help from a specialist in this situation. But pine trees are very healthy if placed in a sunny location and cared for properly. For more information on these techniques, see our Bonsai Tree Care section.
Pine grows in many different forms in nature, so it can be shaped into almost any known bonsai style. Old pine bark becomes scaly or scaly.
To treat each species of pine according to its nature, it is necessary to know whether it grows once or twice during the growing season. Twice red pines can be lit a second time by pouring candles in early summer and using a short candle and a small needle. Pine trees that have only grown once should not be removed from the lights as this will damage them, but the lights can be selected and shortened. If you need help identifying your tree, check out our Bonsai Tree Identification Guide.
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Umbrella Pine Information
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