What Are Bonsai Trees Good For – Is the Japanese art of growing and training potted plants, developed from the traditional Chinese art form of pjing. Unlike pjing, which uses traditional techniques to produce boring natural plants in small pots that mimic large forms of real beauty, Japanese “bonsai” only tries to produce small plants that mimic them. in the form of real trees. Similar types of art can be found in other cultures, including the Vietnamese Hòn non bộ living miniatures. It was during the Tang Dynasty, when pjing was at its height, that the art was first introduced to Japan.
The loan word “bonsai” (the Japanese pronunciation of the Chinese word pzai) has become an umbrella term in Glish, associated with many types of houseplants,
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As well as sometimes other living and non-living things. According to Steph Orr of The New York Times, “the word is to keep the plants grown in hand containers after looking at the right plate of bonsai pruning and training, resulting in a small artistic work of full trees and in the field.”
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The purpose of bonsai is the observation of the viewer, and an interesting exercise of effort and intelligence for the gardener.
Unlike other methods of growing plants, bonsai is not intended for the production of food or medicine. Instead, the practice of bonsai focuses on long-term planting and shaping of one or more small plants growing in a container.
Bonsai is created starting from samples of available materials. This can be a cutting, a tree or a small tree of a type that is suitable for the development of bonsai. Bonsai can be created from almost any tree or shrub
Which produce true branches that can be grown to shrink in a limited pot with crown and root pruning. Some species are popular as bonsai material because they have characteristics, such as small leaves or needles, that make them suitable for the size of the bonsai landscape.
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The source model is designed to be small and meets the aesthetic standards of bonsai, without emphasizing the tedium of large sceries, but rather the plant itself. When a bonsai candidate approaches its planned final size, it is planted in a display pot, usually one designed for bonsai display in one of the few accepted shapes and proportions. From that time, his growth is limited by the vironmt pot. Throughout the year, bonsai is designed to limit growth, redistribute the power of the leaf in areas that need more development, and to complete the detailed design of the art.
The practice of bonsai is sometimes confused with bonsai, but bonsai generally refers to the research, discovery, or creation of plants that are permanent, genetics of existing species. Plant breeding often uses selective breeding or genetic breeding to create cultivars. Bonsai does not require trees with small growth, but it relies on the growth of small trees of common stocks and fruits. Bonsai uses growing techniques such as pruning, root reduction, potting, thinning, and grafting to produce young trees that match the shape and form of full grown trees.
The earliest depiction of the Chinese pjing can be found in the paintings of the Qianling Mausoleum in the tomb of the heir to the Zhanghuai Dynasty of the Tang Dynasty, in Shaanxi Province, China, in 706.
Beginning in the 6th century, imperial embassy staff and Buddhist stutts visited Japan and returned from mainland China. They brought back many Chinese ideas and products, including potted plants.
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The book Saigyo Monogatari Emaki from 1195 is the first known to depict potted plants in Japan. A wooden plate and barrel-like pots with narrow profiles on contemporary wooden shelves also appear in 1309 Kasuga-gong-gki. Woolly trees appearing on short poles are illustrated in Boki Ekotoba’s book of 1351.
A close relationship between Japanese Z-Buddhism and potted trees began to shape the reputation and beauty of bonsai, which was brought to Japan from China. During this period, Chinese Chan (pronounced “Z” in Japanese) Buddhist monks taught in Japanese monasteries. One of the activities of the Sufis was to present to the political leaders a variety of miniature paintings as remarkable achievements of taste and learning.
The visual arrangement of pottery up to this time included a few figures after the Chinese fashion. Japanese artists may take a simpler form than bonsai, increasing the focus of the plant by removing miniatures and other decorations and using small, simple pots.
Around the 14th court, the term for dwarf potted plants was “bowl plant” (鉢の木, hachi no ki).
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This indicated that a pot was used perfectly instead of the shallow pot that the word bonsai refers to. Hachi no Ki (The Potted Trees) is also the title of a 1383 noh play by Zeami Motokiyo, based on the story of a poor samurai who burns the last three trees as firewood to warm a traveling idea. The monk is an undercover officer who later rewards the samurai for his actions. In recent decades, woodblock prints by several artists have depicted this famous play. It is possible that there was a textile design with the same name. Through these and other popular media, bonsai became popular among the Japanese public.
Bonsai cultivation has reached a high level of expertise during this period. Bonsai dating back to the 17th century survived to be released. One of the oldest known bonsai plants, considered one of Japan’s national treasures, can be seen in the collection of the Imperial Palace in Tokyo.
A five-needle tree (Pinus ptaphylla var. negishi) known as Sandai-Shogun-No Matsu is recorded as being cared for by Tokugawa Iemitsu.
The tree is believed to be at least 500 years old and was trained as a bonsai in 1610.
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In the 18th century, bonsai cultivation in Japan began to become widespread and began to interest the general public. During the Tmei period (1781-88), a traditional potted plant exhibition began to be held annually in Kyoto. Connoisseurs from five states and nearby areas brought one or two plants each to the fair to present to visitors for grading.
Show the leaves of the manual Gard with mustard. This work had a great influence on bonsai during the Edo period.
In Japan after 1800, bonsai began to change from a secret practice of a few experts to a popular art form and hobby. In Itami, Hyōgo, Japanese scholars of Chinese art gathered at the beginning of the 19th century to discuss the appropriate forms of the art of small trees. Many words and concepts adopted by this group were taken from Jieziyuan Huazhuan (The Mustard Garden Book in English; Kai-shi-Gad in Japanese).
The Japanese version of potted trees, formerly called hachiue or other terms, has been styled bonsai. This word meant a shallow vessel, not a deep bowl.
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However, the word “bonsai” will not be widely used to describe Japanese potted trees that cost around a penny.
The popularity of bonsai began to grow beyond the limited scope of scholars and nobles. On October 13, 1868, the Meiji Emperor moved to his new capital in Tokyo. Bonsai were displayed inside and outside the Meiji Palace, and those placed in the main square of the Imperial Palace must be “Giant Bonsai”, large enough to fill the large space.
The Meiji Emperor encouraged interest in bonsai, expanding its importance and appealing to professional staff in his government.
New books, magazines and public exhibitions have made bonsai accessible to the Japanese public. A Bonsai Concours was held in Tokyo in 1892, followed by the publication of a three-volume commemorative picture book. This possibly indicated a new tdcy to see bonsai as an independent art form.
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In 1903, the Tokyo association of Jurakukai held exhibitions of bonsai and ikebana in two Japanese restaurants. In 1906, Bonsai Gaho became the first monthly magazine on the subject.
The first issue of Bonsai magazine was published in 1921, and this influential magazine had 518 consecutive issues.
Modern bonsai tools (left to right): leaf cutter; a spoon with a spatula; root hook; coconut brush; concave cutter; bud cutter; nippers; small, medium and large scissors
Bonsai design aesthetics, techniques and tools have become more sophisticated as the popularity of bonsai has grown in Japan. In 1910, to model with wire instead of the old techniques of cords, cords and ropes appeared in Sanyu-Bonsai-Dan (History of Bonsai at Sanyu Nursery). Initially, zinc metal wire was used. Expensive copper wire was only used for selected plants with real pots.
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In the 1920s and 1930s, the instrument maker Masakuni I (1880-1950) helped design and produce the first metal instruments made specifically for the growing demands of the bonsai style.
These include a concave cutter, a branch cut designed to leave a deep impression of the trunk when the branch is removed. Properly treated, the incision will fill in with living plant tissue and bark over time, greatly reducing or eliminating the scars of regular pruning.
Before World War II, international interest in bonsai was stimulated by the increased trade in plants and the emergence of books written in popular foreign languages. In 1914, the first annual bonsai exhibition (one that would be repeated every year until 1933) was held at Hibiya Park in Tokyo.
The first book on the subject
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